Martin Luther, Commentary on Galatians
Dr. Rod Rosenbladt
Lesson 14 Notes
Vs. 29 – But as at that time he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, so it is now.
- world filled with tumults, persecutions, sects, & offenses
- If we did not fortify our minds with this comfort from Paul, hold fast to justification, we would not be able to bear the power & wiles of Satan. (AE 26: 450)
- hear that before the Gospel came everything was tranquil & peaceful; since Gospel’s discovery, everything is in uproar, tumult & revolution.
- doctrine of justification must be learned diligently; it alone can strengthen us against these, comfort us in trials
- cannot be otherwise with the world than that it see only offenses, say nothing good will come of it (1 Cor. 2:14)
Vs. 30 – But what does the Scripture say? Cast out the slave and her son; for the son of the slave shall not inherit with the son of the free woman.
- Luther: Here the Ishmaelites hear a sentence pronounced against them that overthrows the Jews, the Greeks, the Romans, etc. who persecute the church of Christ.
- will overthrow the papists, all the self-righteous who boast that they are the people of God & the church
- hope that they will receive the inheritance, judge that we who depend on the promise are not just “barren & desolate” but heretics who have been cast out of the church & cannot be sons & heirs
- But God turns this judgment of theirs upside down & pronounces the sentence on them!
Vs. 31 – So, brethren, we are not children of the slave but of the free woman.
- Paul concludes the allegory: “We are not children of the slave.”
- = not under the Law (which gives birth into slavery, which terrifies, accuses, leads to despair)
- No! We are free of it through Christ; it cannot terrify & condemn us.
- Regardless how much the children of the slave woman persecute us for a time, our comfort is that they will finally be thrown into the outer darkness. (Matt. 8:12) (AE 26: 460-461)